Beautiful, spiritual and fascinating archaeological site in the valley of Phocis. Delphi was the site of the Delphic oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world. Delphi was revered throughout Greek antiquity as the site of the omphalos stone, the center of the earth and the universe. It has a beautiful temple dedicated to the Greek God Apollo.
A UNESCO World Heritage site, Epidaurus is famed for its almost perfectly preserved, 14,000-seat amphitheater with its legendary acoustics built in the 4th century BC. According to Greek mythology Epidaurus was also the birthplace of Apollo’s son, Asclepius, who was the god of healing. As a result it became one of the most important centers of healing in the ancient world and by the 4th century BC, people traveled great distances to seek medical and mystical cures at the Asclepius sanctuary. The archaeological site of Epidaurus also includes a sanctuary of Egyptian gods, a sports stadium, odeon and bath complex.
Mykonos is a picturesque Cycladic island in the Aegean that is world-famous and for good reason. It is surrounded by the crystal blue waters of the Aegean and dotted with countless beaches. The island’s capital, Hora, with its colourful harbour, has beautiful whitewashed buildings with blue windows and colourful balconies, labyrinth streets filled with excellent restaurants, great shopping, quaint palm-tree courtyards and bars and clubs. In fact, during the summer the island is a partygoer’s paradise with world class DJs spinning at mega clubs at night and on several beaches during the day.
Five kilometers from Mykonos is the sacred island of Delos, which according to legend, was the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Today the island is uninhabited but has a vast archaeological site whose superb monuments draw thousands of visitors in pilgrimage to what was, for a thousand years after the 9th century BC, the political and religious center of the Aegean.
Mycenae is an imposing site filled with rich legend and history. It was once a mighty kingdom of Ancient Greece and its ruler, Agamemnon was considered one of the greatest. It was here that Agamemnon’s brother’s wife, Helen, was abducted by the Trojan prince Paris and the famous Trojan War had its origins. Today one can see tombs, an acropolis, a citadel and the famous lion gate.
A rare geological phenomenon, a quirk of nature as it were, created these looming rocks which thrust skywards from the plain of Thessaly. Their summits, totally isolated from the rest of the world, were a refuge for many hermits from as early as the 11th century. Three centuries later the first monasteries were established. Most of the monasteries were built or renovated in the 16th century. Presently six are in use and are filled with ecclesiastical treasures, wonderful wall paintings, rich libraries with precious manuscripts, and exquisite icons. The area is also great for hikers and rock-climbers.
Mystras, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a Byzantine lover’s dream. It was a fortified town in the medieval ages on Mt. Taygetos and in the 14th and 15th centuries, it served as the capital of the Byzantine Despotate of the Morea, and experienced a period of prosperity and cultural flowering. It was also the last center of Byzantine scholarship before it fell to the Ottomans in the 1460. Today you will find rich frescoes, beautiful churches and monasteries, and lovely Byzantine architecture.
8. Parthenon, Athens:
One of the most famous sites in the world, the Parthenon is a 5th century BC temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena whom the Athenians believed to be their protector. No visit to Greece is complete without visiting the impressive site, which dominates the skyline of the city. It is an enduring symbol of ancient Greece and Athenian democracy.
One of the most fascinating and beautiful islands in all of the Mediterranean, Rhodes is a perfect destination for tourists looking for it all – sun, sea, history, food, culture etc. Historically, Rhodes was famous for one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Colossus of Rhodes as well as the medieval Old Town of the City of Rhodes, which has been declared a World Heritage Site thanks to the impressive buildings built by the Knights of the Order St. John. The city is very atmospheric with an imposing fortress, churches and cobblestone streets. Another gem of the island is Lindos. It is here that you will find an ancient acropolis with spectacular views of the sea and beach below.
Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and probably the ceremonial and political center of the Minoan civilization and culture. The famous palace appears as a maze of workrooms, living spaces, and storerooms. Detailed images of Cretan life in the late Bronze Age are provided by images on the walls of this palace. It is a very rich site that gives the visitor a great insight on what life must’ve been like there thousands of years ago.
11. National Archaeological Museum, Athens
The museum houses some of the most important artifacts from a variety of archaeological locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity. It is considered one of the great museums of the world and contains the richest collection of artifacts from Greek antiquity worldwide.
Santorini is a must. Legend has it that it was this island that was once home to the city of Atlantis before a volcanic explosion caused most of the island to sink to the bottom of the sea. Today one can visit the ancient archaeological site of Akrotiri (dating back to the 4th millennium BC) or walk around the atmospheric cities hanging on the side of the island’s cliffs and enjoy the famous whitewashed houses and the spectacular views of the sea, especially beautiful at sunset.